The Tenth Annual NH3 Fuel Conference
September 22 – 25, 2013 • Sacramento, CA
2013 NH3 Fuel Conference
— MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 23 —
Remembering a Special Friend of NH3 Fuel — Guy Toyama
John Holbrook, Executive Director, NH3 Fuel Association
NH3 Fuel — Gaining Momentum
Norm Olson, Chair, NH3 Fuel Association
Characteristics of an SI Engine Using Direct Ammonia Injection
George E. Zacharakis-Jutz and Song-Charng Kong, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University
Production of Ammonia and Nitrogen Fertilizers based on Biomass — Research Efforts in Sweden
Serina Ahlgren, Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Ammonia Production Using Wind Energy: An Early Calculation of Life Cycle Carbon Emissions and Fossil Energy Consumption
Joel Tallaksen and Michael Reese, University of Minnesota, West Central Research and Outreach Center
A Hazard Assessment of Ammonia as a Fuel: Understanding the Hazards and Managing the Risks / Threats of Ammonia as a Fuel
Gary Smith, President, Ammonia Safety and Training Institute (ASTI), Tony Garcia, Hill Brothers Chemical Corp., and John Mott, General Manager of Gordon Brothers
Making and Treating NOx formed in NH3 Engines
Patrick Desrochers, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Mixed Protonic and Electronic Conductors for Solid State Ammonia Synthesis and Direct Ammonia Fuel Cells
J. Ganley, T. Olszanski, and N. Sullivan, Colorado School of Mines
— TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24 —
Ammonia as a Motor Vehicle Engine Fuel from a Weights and Measures Perspective
Allan Morrison, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Division of Measurement Standards, Fuels and Lubricant Laboratory Services
NH3 as a Potential Alternative Fuel for California
James Aguila and Mike Waugh, California Air Resources Board
Electrochemical Synthesis of Ammonia For Energy Storage
James Boncella and Fernando Garzon, Los Alamos National Laboratory
NH3 Fuel R&D in Turkey
Arif Karabeyoglu, Space Propulsion Group
Electrochemical Ammonia Synthesis from Water and Nitrogen using Solid State Ion Conductors
Chung-Yul Yoo, Jong Hoon Joo, Si Young Jang, Ji Haeng Yu, Energy Materials and Convergence Research Department, Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) / Ha-Na Jeong, Chan Hee Hyeong, Hyung Chul Yoon, Jong-Nam Kim, Clean Fuel Department, KIER
A Hybrid Vehicle Powered by Hydrogen and Ammonia
Giuseppe Pozzana, Neri Bonfanti, Pont-Tech / Roberto Gentili, Stefano Frigo, University of Pisa / Nicolò Doveri, EDI – Progetti & Sviluppo / Paolo Dario, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna / Virgilio Mattoli, Center for Micro-BioRobotics, IIT / Marina Ragnoli, Acta Energy
Recap of NH3FA Strategic Planning Session
Norm Olson, NH3 Fuel Association
Using Local Green Energy and Ammonia to Power Gas Turbine Generators
Brian Evans, Space Propulsion Group
Clean Cities Overview / City of Sacramento Green Fleet Update
Keith Leech, Sacramento Clean Cities
The Wednesday morning tour will be from 8.30 am to 11.30 (meet in lobby for round-trip transportation). We’ll be making two stops in the Sacramento area.
LNG Fueling Station: City of Sacramento Meadowview City Service Complex, 2812 Meadowview Road, Sacramento.
The prospect of transitioning a vehicle fleet to a new fuel can be daunting, but the City of Sacramento has proven that dedication, collaboration, patience, and a willingness to implement new ideas go a long way. Over the last decade, the city has successfully transitioned its entire diesel refuse-hauler fleet to clean-burning liquefied natural gas (LNG). The fleet worked with Sacramento Clean Cities, the local air district, and other fleets in the area to systematically roll out 113 side- and rear-loader LNG refuse trucks, as well as the fueling stations and maintenance facilities to support them. LNG is stored at temperatures near -265 degrees Fahrenheit at the refueling station and in the vehicle’s fuel tank. A fleet vehicle demonstration for NH3 fuel would involve challenges similar to those encountered in the City of Sacramento’s switch from diesel fuel to LNG. NH3 has three significant advantages over LNG:
1) NH3 will liquefy at the significantly milder temperature of -28 degrees Fahrenheit.
2) NH3 storage tanks and delivery infrastructure have a much lower cost than LNG.
3) NH3 is carbon-free.
Live (controlled) Ammonia Release: The Ammonia Safety and Training Institute and the Sacramento Fire Department Hazmat Team will demonstrate the chemical and physical hazards of ammonia by performing small releases of ammonia. Tour participants will see the four phases of release (aerosol stream, dense gas cloud, invisible vapor, and liquid). We will show the risks associated with the release and also demonstrate the ways to contain and control the type of potential release associated with using ammonia as a fuel. The release will take place near a cold storage facility. We will demonstrate the importance of an emergency response plan and the coordination needed between industry and public safety to control ammonia emergencies.