2013 NH3 Fuel Conference

The Tenth Annual NH3 Fuel Conference

September 22 – 25, 2013 • Sacramento, CA

Embassy Suites Sacramento – Riverfront Promenade
100 Capitol Mall, Sacramento, California

2013 NH3 Fuel Conference


Remembering a Special Friend of NH3 Fuel — Guy Toyama
John Holbrook, Executive Director, NH3 Fuel Association

KEYNOTE ADDRESS: Ammonia Fuel — It Works, Now What
Steve Wittrig, Clean Air Task Force

NH3 Fuel — Gaining Momentum
Norm Olson, Chair, NH3 Fuel Association

Business and Technology Roadmapping for NH3 Fuel
Stephen Crolius, Alliance Consulting Group

A Green Ammonia Economy
Yoshitsugu Kojima, Institute for Advanced Materials Research, Hiroshima University

Characteristics of an SI Engine Using Direct Ammonia Injection
George E. Zacharakis-Jutz and Song-Charng Kong, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University

Anhydrous Ammonia: a Battery for Stranded and Excess Energy Sources
Hans Vrijenhoef, Proton Ventures

Production of Ammonia and Nitrogen Fertilizers based on Biomass — Research Efforts in Sweden
Serina Ahlgren, Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Ammonia Production Using Wind Energy: An Early Calculation of Life Cycle Carbon Emissions and Fossil Energy Consumption
Joel Tallaksen and Michael Reese, University of Minnesota, West Central Research and Outreach Center

A Hazard Assessment of Ammonia as a Fuel: Understanding the Hazards and Managing the Risks / Threats of Ammonia as a Fuel
Gary Smith, President, Ammonia Safety and Training Institute (ASTI), Tony Garcia, Hill Brothers Chemical Corp., and John Mott, General Manager of Gordon Brothers

Making and Treating NOx formed in NH3 Engines
Patrick Desrochers, Missouri University of Science and Technology

Mixed Protonic and Electronic Conductors for Solid State Ammonia Synthesis and Direct Ammonia Fuel Cells
J. Ganley, T. Olszanski, and N. Sullivan, Colorado School of Mines


Ammonia as a Motor Vehicle Engine Fuel from a Weights and Measures Perspective
Allan Morrison, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Division of Measurement Standards, Fuels and Lubricant Laboratory Services

NH3 as a Potential Alternative Fuel for California
James Aguila and Mike Waugh, California Air Resources Board

Electrochemical Synthesis of Ammonia For Energy Storage
James Boncella and Fernando Garzon, Los Alamos National Laboratory

Ammonia as an Energy Carrier for Renewable Energy
Ken-ichi Aika, Research Office of Energy Carrier, Department of Green Innovation, Japan Science and Technology Agency

NH3 Fuel R&D in Turkey
Arif Karabeyoglu, Space Propulsion Group

Electrochemical Ammonia Synthesis from Water and Nitrogen using Solid State Ion Conductors
Chung-Yul Yoo, Jong Hoon Joo, Si Young Jang, Ji Haeng Yu, Energy Materials and Convergence Research Department, Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) / Ha-Na Jeong, Chan Hee Hyeong, Hyung Chul Yoon, Jong-Nam Kim, Clean Fuel Department, KIER

A Hybrid Vehicle Powered by Hydrogen and Ammonia
Giuseppe Pozzana, Neri Bonfanti, Pont-Tech / Roberto Gentili, Stefano Frigo, University of Pisa / Nicolò Doveri, EDI – Progetti & Sviluppo / Paolo Dario, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna / Virgilio Mattoli, Center for Micro-BioRobotics, IIT / Marina Ragnoli, Acta Energy

Communicating Risk
Trevor Brown, Independent Consultant

Recap of NH3FA Strategic Planning Session
Norm Olson, NH3 Fuel Association

NH3 Fuel Progress at Hydrogen Engine Center
Ted Hollinger, Hydrogen Engine Center

Using Local Green Energy and Ammonia to Power Gas Turbine Generators
Brian Evans, Space Propulsion Group

Clean Cities Overview / City of Sacramento Green Fleet Update
Keith Leech, Sacramento Clean Cities

Where do we go from here?
John Holbrook, NH3 Fuel Association


The Wednesday morning tour will be from 8.30 am to 11.30 (meet in lobby for round-trip transportation). We’ll be making two stops in the Sacramento area.
LNG Fueling Station: City of Sacramento Meadowview City Service Complex, 2812 Meadowview Road, Sacramento.
The prospect of transitioning a vehicle fleet to a new fuel can be daunting, but the City of Sacramento has proven that dedication, collaboration, patience, and a willingness to implement new ideas go a long way. Over the last decade, the city has successfully transitioned its entire diesel refuse-hauler fleet to clean-burning liquefied natural gas (LNG). The fleet worked with Sacramento Clean Cities, the local air district, and other fleets in the area to systematically roll out 113 side- and rear-loader LNG refuse trucks, as well as the fueling stations and maintenance facilities to support them. LNG is stored at temperatures near -265 degrees Fahrenheit at the refueling station and in the vehicle’s fuel tank. A fleet vehicle demonstration for NH3 fuel would involve challenges similar to those encountered in the City of Sacramento’s switch from diesel fuel to LNG. NH3 has three significant advantages over LNG:
1) NH3 will liquefy at the significantly milder temperature of -28 degrees Fahrenheit.
2) NH3 storage tanks and delivery infrastructure have a much lower cost than LNG.
3) NH3 is carbon-free.
Live (controlled) Ammonia Release: The Ammonia Safety and Training Institute and the Sacramento Fire Department Hazmat Team will demonstrate the chemical and physical hazards of ammonia by performing small releases of ammonia. Tour participants will see the four phases of release (aerosol stream, dense gas cloud, invisible vapor, and liquid). We will show the risks associated with the release and also demonstrate the ways to contain and control the type of potential release associated with using ammonia as a fuel. The release will take place near a cold storage facility. We will demonstrate the importance of an emergency response plan and the coordination needed between industry and public safety to control ammonia emergencies.