Fast-Ramping Reactor for CO2-Free NH3 Synthesis

Joseph Beach1*, Jonathan Kintner1, Adam Welch1, Jason Ganley2, Ryan O’Hayre2
[1] Starfire Energy; and [2] Colorado School of Mines, United States

NH3 Fuel Conference, Minneapolis, November 1, 2017
AIChE Annual Meeting, Topical Conference: NH3 Energy+

ABSTRACT

Starfire Energy is developing a fast-ramping reactor for making CO2-free NH3 for fuel, energy storage, and agricultural applications. A fast-ramping reactor is desired to follow (a) variable electricity generation from CO2-free sources such wind and solar power plants or (b) variable availability from CO2-free baseload electricity generation such as nuclear or hydroelectric power plants. The reactor builds upon the Haber-Bosch process by (a) introducing a higher activity supported Ru catalyst (over 4.5 mmol g-1 h-1 at 1 atm and over 45 mmol g-1 h-1 at 10 atm) and (b) further enhancing the catalysis by applying an electric potential or electric field to the catalyst. The catalysts and processes are the subjects of PCT patent application PCT/US17/20201. The catalysts and processes have been characterized in a differential reactor and are being incorporated into a prototype reactor designed to produce 3 kg NH3 per day. The presentation will feature data from the differential reactor and prototype reactor testing and modeled cost of CO2-free NH3 at larger production scales.

Read the abstract at the AIChE website.

DOWNLOAD

Download this presentation [PDF, 3.7MB].

LINKS

Starfire Energy
Ammonia Synthesis for Fuel, Energy Storage, and Agriculture Applications, ARPA-E OPEN program, 2015
Learn more about the NH3 Fuel Conference 2017

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