Tag Archives: Safety

Ammonia Fuel Safety

Trevor Brown
AmmoniaIndustry.com, United States

NH3 Fuel Conference, Minneapolis, November 1, 2017
AIChE Annual Meeting, Topical Conference: NH3 Energy+


This paper introduces the existing literature on the safety of using ammonia as a fuel, which provides comparative data for a range of traditional and alternative fuels and energy carriers. The studies reviewed conclude that risk levels associated with using ammonia as a fuel are “similar to those of gasoline,” or “similar, if not lower than for the other fuels,” also including hydrogen, methanol, LPG, and CNG. Ammonia as a fuel can meet all “acceptable” risk levels in even the most stringent regulatory jurisdictions. Continue reading

NH3: The Optimal Alternative Fuel

Norm Olson
NH3 Fuel Association, United States

NH3 Fuel Conference 2017, Minneapolis, November 1, 2017
AIChE Annual Meeting, Topical Conference: NH3 Energy+


Unlike some technology areas where “all of the above” has significant advantages, there are tremendous advantages associated with choosing a single, optimized, liquid transportation fuel. The cost, efficiency and environmental benefits associated with choosing an optimized liquid transportation fuel are enormous and merit serious consideration.

NH3 most closely meets the criteria for an ideal liquid transportation fuel. Continue reading

Ammonia Storage in Metal Ammines

Jawza Alnawmasi*, Duncan H. Gregory
School of Chemistry, University of Glasgow, UK

NH3 Fuel Conference, Los Angeles, September 20, 2016


Ammonia has attracted interest as a promising alternative fuel for internal combustion engines due to the fact that ammonia does not release carbon dioxide during combustion.[1] Storing ammonia in the form of metal ammines is the most notable way to overcome the challenges that are related to the use of NH3 in liquid form, namely the toxicity and corrosive nature of ammonia.[2] Ammine complexes of light transition metal halides (such as Co, Ni) are very promising candidates because they exhibit high ammonia contents and they are relatively stable at room temperature. Continue reading

Piloting a Combined Heat and Power / Distributed Generation System, Powered by Carbon-Free, Renewable-Based Anhydrous Ammonia


The UCLA Sustainable Technology & Policy Program (UCLA-STPP) serves as the host of the 2016 NH3 Fuel Conference.

Peter Sinsheimer
Executive Director, UCLA-STPP, Los Angeles, CA

including NH3 Engine Overview
Eddie Sturman, Sturman Industries, USA

13th Annual NH3 Fuel Conference, September 20, 2016


UCLA-STPP is an interdisciplinary science / policy research unit, enjoining faculty in schools of engineering, public health, law, business, and medicine. The two-part mission of UCLA-STPP is to: (1) evaluate the viability of safer, cleaner, greener, more sustainable substitutes for existing hazardous services, processes, systems, and/or technologies, and (2) employ diffusion analysis to identify institutional, policy, and regulatory barriers to the adoption of viable safer substitutes and prescribe policy changes to overcome key barriers. UCLA-STPP has taken leadership in developing and institutionalizing “alternatives analysis” as policy/regulatory tool as a method to evaluate and identify safer, cleaner, greener, more sustainable substitutes.

UCLA-STPP is employing this alternatives analysis approach to evaluate the commercial viability of using renewable-based NH3 for peak power generation and natural gas for base load power in a camless engine genset system to be installed at a distributed generation pilot demonstration facility in the greater Los Angeles region. Continue reading

A Hazard Assessment of Ammonia as a Fuel

Understanding the Hazards and Managing the Risks / Threats of Ammonia as a Fuel

Gary Smith, President, Ammonia Safety and Training Institute (ASTI) / Tony Garcia, Hill Brothers Chemical Corp. / and John Mott, General Manager of Gordon Brothers
Tenth Annual NH3 Fuel Conference, September 23, 2013
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Communicating Risk

Developing A Framework for Promoting Ammonia Fuel: How a Dangerous Chemical could lead to a Safer Society

Trevor Brown
Tenth Annual NH3 Fuel Conference, September 24, 2013
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NH3 Fuel — Gaining Momentum

Norm Olson
Chairman, NH3 Fuel Association
Iowa Energy Center, Iowa State University
Tenth Annual NH3 Fuel Conference, September 23, 2013
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A Hybrid Vehicle Powered by Hydrogen and Ammonia

Giuseppe Pozzana (1), Neri Bonfanti (1), Roberto Gentili (2), Stefano Frigo (2), Nicolò Doveri (3), Paolo Dario (4), Virgilio Mattoli (5), Marina Ragnoli (6)
(1) Pont-Tech, (2) University of Pisa, (3) EDI – Progetti & Sviluppo, (4) Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, (5) Center for Micro-BioRobotics, IIT, (6) Acta Energy
Tenth Annual NH3 Fuel Conference, September 24, 2013
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Quest Consultants: NH3 fuel risk analysis


Quest Consultants, for Iowa State University, June 2009 Continue reading

Riso: Safety assessment of ammonia as a transport fuel

Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark, February 2005 Continue reading